Heritage & Heritage Sites

 

GENERAL/REGIONAL

 

Jewish Heritage UK

A “one-stop shop” for Jewish Heritage in Britain, a very extensive web site and database with information, news, photographs, project and threat reports and other details of Jewish historic architecture, synagogues and cemeteries in the UK, including all Jewish sites listed as National Heritage sites . The Survey of the Jewish Built Heritage in the UK and Ireland, begun in 1997, has recorded more than 350 synagogues and Jewish sites that date from before World War II.

Dr. Sharman Kadish, Director
Jewish Heritage UK
Room 204, Ducie House
37, Ducie Street Manchester, M1 2JW
United Kingdom
Email: director@jewish-heritage-uk.org

 

National Anglo-Jewish Heritage Trail

A comprehensive web site that is an initiative of the Spiro Ark http://www.spiroark.org/. Its  goal is “to raise awareness of this rich, but often unknown, history among both Jews and non-Jews alike, and to encourage individuals to further investigate their own roots as well as the fascinating origins of the community.”

The site has links to Jewish heritage trails in nearly 20 localities, with more planned: London, Bath, Bradford, Brackley, Bright & Hove, Canterbury, Cheltenham, Bury St. Edmunds, Dover, Guildford, Hull, Leeds, Lincoln, Northampton, Oxford, Ramsgate, Sheerness & Blue Town, Stroud.

There are also links to many institutions and other resources.

 

Jewish Communities and Records – UK

Details of more that 1,200 present and former Jewish congregations across the British Isles, with searchable databases. Easily consulted list of Jewish Heritage sites in the British Isles, arranged geographically.

The site also includes a list of synagogues in the UK that were damaged or destroyed by German bombing in World War II

 

International Jewish Cemeteries Project for the UK

 

Cemetery Scribes

Searchable database of Jewish Cemeteries in the U.K. – history, maps, epitaphs, inscriptions, photographs, numerous resources. It has a blog with news and articles.

 

Jewish Cemeteries in the West of England

An article by Rabbi Bernard Susser, providing history and details of Jewish cemeteries in  the counties of Cornwall, Devon, Avon and Gloucester, the earliest dating back to the second half of the 18th century.

 

Synagogue Scribes

Mainly oriented to genealogy, with a searchable database of Anglo-Jewish community records.

 

SITES

 

 

Links and information for heritage sites in London and around the UK can be found in the web sites listed above. Here below, we provide links to heritage sites that have their own web sites or other more extensive online information.

 

LONDON

 

Jewish Communities and Records London Page

The page has many links, maps, articles about Jewish London.

Website devoted to the Jewish East End

Detailed site, with photos, descriptions, walking routes, etc., in East London’s historic Jewish district.

 

SYNAGOGUES

 

Bevis Marks Synagogue

4 Heneage Lane
London EC3A 5DQ (Entry on Bevis Marks)
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7626 1274

 

Britain’s oldest synagogue, founded in 1701 and still in use by the Spanish and Portuguese congregation.

 

Sandys Road Synagogue

4a Sandys Row
Spitalfields,
London | E1 7HW
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7377 6196
Email: info@sandysrow.org.uk

 

London’s oldest Ashkenazi Synagogue, established in a converted French chapel in 1867-70, and the last fully functioning Jewish community in what was once the heart of the Jewish East End.

 

JEWISH CEMETERIES

 

Jewish Cemeteries in London (International Jewish Cemetery Project page)

 

Hoop Lane Cemetery

Hoop Lane, Golders Green
London. NW11 7EU
Tel: +44 (0) 20 8455 2569

 

Founded in 1897 and the burial place of many notables.

 

REGIONS OF ENGLAND

 


BATH

 

Bath Jewish Cemetery

Located on Bradford Road, Combe Down, it was founded in the 1830s; earliest gravestone dates from 1842, latest from 1921; the prayer house is listed as an English Heritage site.

 

EXETER

 

Synagogue

Built in 1763, it the third oldest in England. A major restoration of the building took place in 1998. An archived web site includes a detailed description of that restoration process, with drawings and comments.

Jewish cemetery

Located on Magdalen Road on the edge of Bull Meadow. It was established in 1757. The earliest legible tombstone is from 1807.

Jewish cemetery information on the Exeter Synagogue Archive

List of tombstone inscriptions

 

LIVERPOOL

 

Princes Road Synagogue

Princes Road
Liverpool L8 1TG
Tel: +44 (0) 151 709 3431
Fax: +44 (0) 151 709 4187

 

Designed by two Christian architects, the brothers William James Audsley and George Ashdown Audsley, from Edinburgh, and built in 1874 to replace an earlier synagogue, this is one of Britain’s finest examples of Moorish-style architecture and is a Grade 1 listed building.

 

Photo Gallery of the Synagogue, on BBC web site

 

Greenbank Drive (former) synagogue

Red-brick, art deco synagogue designed by the noted Liverpool architect Sir Ernest Alfred Shennan and built in 1936/37. It served its congregation until January 2008, when dwindling numbers forced the community to move and close the building. A 2008 proposal to turn it into apartments was blocked — thanks to the efforts of the 20th Century Society, which got the building upgraded to Grade II heritage status — and the building has stood empty since then. In March 2013, it was reported that the synagogue was to receive £70,000 in rescue funding from English Heritage and the Liverpool city council  the building, which has been on the “English Heritage at Risk” list since 2010, can be refurbished and its long-term future assured.

See detailed photos on the web sites “Behind Closed Doors” and “Proj3ct m4yh3m.

See our April 6, 2014 JHE post about the synagogue

 

Deane Road Jewish Cemetery

Founded in 1835 and the burial place of leading Jewish business, the cemetery lay derelict for most of the past century: its last recorded burial was in 1929. A fullscale restoration of the cemetery was completed in April 2012 thanks to a £494,000 grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.

 

MANCHESTER

 

Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue (former)

190 Cheetham Hill Road
Manchester, M8 8LW
Tel: 0161 834 9879
Email: admin@manchesterjewishmuseum.com

 

Red-brick, Moorish-style building; designed by Edward Salomons and dedicated in 1875 for the Sephardic community. It closed for worship in 1981 and in 1984 opened at the seat of the Manchester Jewish Museum.

See Synagogues360 panorama other images and architectural description 

 

Former synagogue,   Cheetham Hill Road.

 

Red-brick building designed by W. Sharp Ogden and built in 1889; it has a central arch framing a star of David. Long closed, it is now a clothing company.

 

Jewish Cemeteries

List of Jewish Cemeteries in Greater Manchester (both in use and closed)

 

OXFORD

 

Oxford Jewish Heritage

The Jewish Centre
21 Richmond Road, Oxford
OX1 2JL United Kingdom
Email: info@oxfordjewishheritage.co.uk

 

PENZANCE

Grade 2 listed Georgian Jewish cemetery, dating from the mid-18th century. Surrounded by a high stone wall; includes about 50 gravestones and tahara house.

Penzance town web site information on the cemetery

Transcriptions of epitaphs, plus photos (from Susser Archive/Jewish Communities & Records UK)

JHE post on raising funds and awareness of the cemetery (Dec. 2013)

 

 

PLYMOUTH (DEVON)

 

Synagogue

Catherine St., Plymouth PL1 2AD
Tel (mobile): +44 (0) 7753 267616
Email: phccaretaker@yahoo.co.uk

Built in 1762, the synagogue is the oldest Ashkenazi synagogue in the English-speaking world.

The Old Jewish Burial Ground at Plymouth Hoe (Lambhay Green)

Founded in the first half of the 18th century.  See a lengthy article on its history.

New Jewish Cemetery (established in 1868) is located at 49 Gifford Place, off Ford Park Road, Plymouth PL3 4JA

 

 SCOTLAND

 

Guide to Jewish Facilities in Scotland

PDF brochure with synagogues, cemeteries, institutions and other listings for Scotland.

 

GLASGOW

Home to the largest Jewish community in Scotland, with four still-active historic synagogues.

 

Map of sites of Jewish interest in Glasgow

 

Garnethill Synagogue

129 Hill Street, Glasgow, G3 6UB
+44 (0)141 332 4151

 

The oldest synagogue in Scotland,  built in 1879 and completely refurbished in 1998. The only purpose-built synagogue in 19th century Scotland, it was designed by local architect John McLeod in a style described as “Romanesque-cum-Byzantine with Moorish touches.” He was assisted by Nathan Solomon Joseph, who worked on synagogues in London and Liverpool. The building is a Victorian A Listed structure. It has a tall, barrel-vaulted sanctuary, with a women’s gallery and large, ornate Ark, like a small temple.

Tours can be arranged through the synagogue office. The building is used for religious services and also houses the Scottish Jewish Archives Center.

 

List of Jewish Cemeteries in Glasgow

 

Gathering the Voices 

Oral history project on refugees fleeing the Nazis who found sanctuary in Scotland