Heritage & Heritage Sites

 

GENERAL

 

Red de Juderias (Network of Spanish Jewish Quarters)

A non-profit public association with the goal of protecting urbanistic, architectonical, historical, artistic and cultural Sephardic Heritage in Spain. It comprises a network of Jewish quarters and heritage sites in towns and cities around the country. These include  Segovia, Ávila, Barcelona, Besalú, Cáceres, Calahorra, Córdoba, Estella-Lizarra, Girona, Hervás, Jaén, León, Monforte de Lemos, Oviedo, Palma de Mallorca, Plasencia, Rivadavia, Tarazona, Toledo, Tortosa and Tudela.

Tel: +34 (0) 972 41 41 46
Email: secretaria@redjuderias.org

 

In December 2012,  Google, in partnership with Red de Juderías de España  launched an exhaustive  new web site that provides an interactive exploration of Jewish heritage throughout Spain. The new site, Caminos di Sefarad, or Routes of Sepharad, involves 24 cities, 523 places,  910 chronological registers, 1.674 images, 67 supplementary texts, and 138 commented voices. There areinteractive maps, timelines, clickable links, photographs, and detailed site information.

 

 INDIVIDUAL SITES

 

Information on many  Jewish heritage sites in Spain can be found via the links listed above. Here below we provide links to other sites and places for which there are other web resources.

 

BARCELONA

Major Synagogue (Shlomo Ben Adret Sinagogue)

Marlet, 5
08002 Barcelona
Tel: +34 93 317 07 90
 

Spain’s oldest synagogue, in former Jewish quarter or Juderia of Barcelona; believed to have been built in the third or fourth century CE and expanded in the 14th century. Archaeological research began in 1996. Now used as a little Jewish museum and also for worship.

Call de Barcelona Association

Organization dedicated to preserving the medieval Jewish quarter, that oversaw the excavation and restoration of the synagogue.

Article on the synagogue in Ha’aretz, September 2014

 

The Medieval Jewish Cemetery on Montjuic

This project by the Zachor group investigated the location, history and remnants of the cemetery, which was in use from the 9th to the 14th century.

 

CORDOBA

The synagogue in Cordoba, built in 1315, marked its 700th anniversary in 2015. A series of events were held. During the course of restoration work carried out in 2014 for the anniversary, evidence of what possibly was a mikvah, or ritual bath, was discovered adjacent to the synagogue, according to one of the experts who carried out the work, the architect Arturo Ramirez.

Excavations carried out by Enrique Romero de Torres around 1930 revealed evidence of Jewish burials in the small hill located between the Puerta de Sevilla and the modern cemetery of Nuestra Señora de la Salud.

Cordoba-es-Sefarad web site

Web site launched by the University of Cordoba and the City Council as part of the events marking the 700th anniversary of the synagogue. Information on Jewish heritage sites in Cordoba, including the synagogue and former Jewish quarter, including a map of the Jewish quarter locating sites.

 

LUCENA

Early medieval Jewish cemetery discovered in 2006-2007 during construction of Lucena’s southern ring road. Some 346 tombs were excavated, most dating probably from the first half of the 11th century,  when Lucena was an important center of Andalusian Jewry. Many of the tombs consist of a pit and side chamber. At least one gravestone dates probably much earlier –to between the 8th and 9th centuries. Work began in 2014 on a major project to improve visitor infrastructure and increase accessibility.

JHE report (with link to video) on project to improve visitor infrastructure

Lengthy article (in Spanish) on the Lucena necropolis

 

TARAZONA

Downloadable audio guide to Jewish heritage sites of Tarazona

 

TOLEDO

 

El Transito Synagogue (Sefardi Museum)

Calle Samuel Leví s/n
45002 Toledo
Tel:  +34 (0) 925 22 36 65
Fax: =34 (0) 925 21 58 31

 

The 14th century El Transito Synagogue became a church after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492. Much of the collection has been digitized and placed online.

Downloadable PDF multilingual brochures of museum 

 

TUDELA

 

Video on Jewish heritage in Tudela

 

ÚBEDA

Úbeda and its twin city Baeza are listed as world heritage sites by UNESCO for their complex of medieval and Renaissance buildings. A mikveh and what is believed to be a medieval synagogue were discovered during construction work in the 2000s and opened to the public in 2010 as the “Sinagoga del Agua,” a combination museum and cultural venue.

Sinagoga del Agua web site

Article demonstrating the site is a synagogue (in Spanish)