During the Holocaust, almost all Jews in Hungary outside Budapest were deported to Auschwitz in the spring of 1944, but well over 100,000 Jews survived in the capital. Budapest today has the largest Jewish population of any city in central Europe, with more than 15 active synagogues, several large Jewish cemeteries, and a wide range of Jewish cultural and educational institutions, including a Jewish Museum and Archives and a Holocaust Memorial center.
Scores of synagogues and more than 1,000 Jewish cemeteries are scattered around all parts of Hungary. Some of the synagogues are still used for worship by the more than 25 small local Jewish communities, and a number have been restored as museums and cultural venues. Others stand abandoned or in ruins, and many Jewish cemeteries are untended.
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